Original article:

Evolution in the office: How evolutionary psychology can increase employee health, happiness, and productivity

Evolutionary Psychology 10(5): 770-781 Carey J. Fitzgerald, Department of Psychology, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA, fitzgera@oakland.eduKimberly M. Danner, Department of Psychology, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA


We review the empirical literature that has implemented aspects of our ancestral environment into the workplace and discuss the positive influence these factors have had on employees’ physical and psychological health. We focus upon several components of our ancestral environment, including sunlight, greenery, sleep, physical movement, and social interaction with fellow humans as well as animals (specifically, dogs). Employers who are willing to adopt an evolutionary psychological approach to organizing their workplaces may drastically improve their workers’ overall physical and psychological health as well as their overall productivity. This will, in turn, decrease employer costs related to medical care, absenteeism, and lack of productivity. Suggestions regarding how to implement these evolutionary psychological methods to the workplace are also discussed.


applied evolutionary psychology, sunlight, greenery, workplace, employee productivity, mismatch hypothesis

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Evolutionary Psychology - An open access peer-reviewed journal - ISSN 1474-7049 © Ian Pitchford and Robert M. Young; individual articles © the author(s)

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